How to Choose the Best Style of Soccer Attack & Defense for Your Team
Soccer Offense and Soccer Defense

DVD Close-Out Sale

Free Soccer Patches

(The following is from the Premium Forum. It has been edited.)

When on soccer offense ( the two primary styles of play are a "direct soccer attack" (which tries to quickly move the ball into scoring range, often using long passes, "through balls", or long air balls) and an "indirect soccer attack" (also called a "Possession" style of play, which is slower and uses many short passes, often sideways or backwards, while looking for a weakness in the defense.)

When on soccer defense ( ) the two primary styles of play are a "zone defense" and a man-to-man defense.

A question every Rec coach faces is whether to Push Up Fullbacks on the attack or to leave the Fullbacks to Defend Deep, or something in between, or pushing some up to the halfway line, but leaving one deeper to play like a Sweeper. There is a great deal of discussion about this on SoccerHelp Premium.

There are several different terms that describe other styles of play. For example, "passing to feet" vs. "passing to space" and "onball attacking" (emphasizing dribbling) vs. "off-the-ball attacking" (emphasizing passing). With most formations you can use different styles of play.

When comparing styles of play, you can look to other sports for analogies. In American football, for example, the dominant style of play used to be the running game, but today more teams emphasize the pass than the run. The best teams recognize that a balanced attack that uses both the run and the pass is best. In American football, if a team only runs, the defense will crowd the offense to stop the run. In soccer, if a team only attacks with short passes, the opposing defenders will push up to the halfway line or farther. The threat of through balls and long balls "stretches the defense" and is what forces defenders to stay honest. Another analogy to American football is that when you have the ball near your goal you definitely do not want to turn the ball over. In American football, even the best teams will protect the ball and punt. For this reason, it is best for most rec soccer teams to clear the ball away from their goal if there is any pressure, and hope they can win the cleared balls at least 50% of the time. (Although if there isn't pressure or you have skilled FB's you can "build play from the back").

If you watch a lot of professional soccer from different countries you will see that most good teams from around the world control the ball and build play in the midfield, but also incorporate through balls and long balls into their attack (i.e., they mix the indirect and direct styles of play). In fact, depending upon the league, between 15% and 30% of the goals scored are a result of through balls or long air balls.

The style of attack you teach your team should depend on the ability and speed of your players, the amount of time you can practice, and your coaching ability. The style of attack that will work best also depends on the type of defense the other team plays (e.g., whether they are "pushed up" or "defending deep") and whether your Forwards are faster than the other teams FB's. For example, if the opposing FB's push up and your Forwards are faster, you should try through balls and quick counterattacks. A select team that practices 4 hours per week can play a better short passing game than a typical rec team. In any case, you will want to teach the concepts of "First Attacker" ( ), "Second Attacker", and "Third Attacker".

For a defensive style of play, a "zone defense" ( and "First Defender/Second Defender" ( works best for most rec teams. This is because many rec FB's don't have the speed or stamina to play a man-to-man style of defense. How to teach a zone defense is explained at "Zone Defense" and at "Support".

David at SoccerHelp

Copyright, All Rights Reserved